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Gum Treatment

The main cause of these diseases is a bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed on a daily basis it can turn into a hard substance called calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus have not removed the bacteria in plaque produce toxins (or poisons) that can destroy the supporting tissues and bone around the teeth. As the diseases progress, the gum around the tooth becomes loose and separates away from the tooth resulting in deep areas called pockets. As these pockets deepen, more gum tissue and bone are destroyed and the teeth eventually become loose. If periodontal diseases are not treated, the teeth may need to be removed.


If one is complaining of bad smell or bleeding gums, scaling is the treatment of choice. It is due to the impacted food, tartar and calculus which disposes gingiva to bleed and becomes red. If not treated, it will resorb the underlying bone and results in the mobility of the teeth. Scaling is the removal of calculus, deposits or stains over the teeth. It may require multiple appointments also. But there are various myths in the society regarding scaling like enamel loss, the sensitivity of tooth, tooth mobility, etc. But these are not true, as we are removing the calculus which is a mixture of various microbes and bacterial niche, which will enhance the gingival health and restored to normal pink color. Scaling is indicated once in every 6 months for each and every individual. Diabetic patients are more prone to periodontal diseases, hence warrants regular check-ups. Even Pregnant patients are having the tendency to bleed easily, scaling is normally indicated.


It is a minor surgical procedure done under local anesthesia which doesn’t require any admission. It is indicated in patients with red swollen gums, tooth mobility, spaces between the tooth due to the bone loss, pus from the gums. In these gums are opened, calculus and tartar will be removed from the root surface and smoothen the bony irregularities in order to avoid food lodgment. Once complete debridement is over, gums are placed back into the original position and tightly sutured around the tooth. So that spaces between the tooth are closed and do not favor the food lodgement. If vertical bone loss is present, a bone graft can also be placed which will encourage bone formation thereby reducing the defect. It requires multiple appointments and also a patient’s capability of maintaining proper oral hygiene. The success of the treatment depends on how well the patient will maintain oral hygiene with the instructions given by the Dentist.

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