The main cause of these diseases is a bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed on a daily basis it can turn into a hard substance called calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus have not removed the bacteria in plaque produce toxins (or poisons) that can destroy the supporting tissues and bone around the teeth. As the diseases progress, the gum around the tooth becomes loose and separates away from the tooth resulting in deep areas called pockets. As these pockets deepen, more gum tissue and bone are destroyed and the teeth eventually become loose. If periodontal diseases are not treated, the teeth may need to be removed.
SCALING AND POLISHING
If one is complaining of bad smell or bleeding gums, scaling is the treatment of choice. It is due to the impacted food, tartar and calculus which disposes gingiva to bleed and becomes red. If not treated, it will resorb the underlying bone and results in the mobility of the teeth. Scaling is the removal of calculus, deposits or stains over the teeth. It may require multiple appointments also. But there are various myths in the society regarding scaling like enamel loss, the sensitivity of tooth, tooth mobility, etc. But these are not true, as we are removing the calculus which is a mixture of various microbes and bacterial niche, which will enhance the gingival health and restored to normal pink color. Scaling is indicated once in every 6 months for each and every individual. Diabetic patients are more prone to periodontal diseases, hence warrants regular check-ups. Even Pregnant patients are having the tendency to bleed easily, scaling is normally indicated.